You simply can't leave Moscow without
seeing it, and until you snag a peek of the colorful dome tops, you probably
won't feel like you've arrived.
St Basil's Cathedral has proven to be an
iconic landmark for the Russian capital city of Moscow. Stately and firmly
seated in the heart of the Red Square, this cathedral attracts thousands of
tourists every single day. But what do
you really know about this visually delightful attraction?
Have a read to discover 10 things you might
not know about St. Basil's:
The cathedral goes by several
names, and while St. Basil's is the most popular for travelers, the main names
given and used by the Russian Orthodox Church are “The Cathedral of the
Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat” or “Pokrovsky Cathedral”.
The cathedral took six years to
build (1555 to 1561), and was commissioned by Ivan the Terrible after
It is said that Ivan the
Terrible thought the building to be so spectacular that he ordered the
architect to be blinded so that he may never create something as grand anywhere
else in the world.
Originally, the cathedral is
said to have had 25 domes, one representing God and 24 representing the Elders
that were to surround him. Today, there
The nine domes sit on top of
the cathedral's nine chapels.
The walls of the original
construction were all white.
The cathedral has been nearly
destroyed on three separate occasions. The first time was from a huge fire in
1737, and after restoration, it was given the look it has today. In 1812, bombs during Napoleon's invasion
nearly took it to the ground. Again, in
the early 1900’s, the Bolsheviks had their way with the cathedral.
Stalin, however, refused to
remove the cathedral, even against the request of a popular politician.
The cathedral now has 19 bells
that were collected after the fall of the Soviet Union from various countries
around the world.
10. St. Basils is now listed as an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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